Please forgive any typos in this manuscript. The text for the sermon is the Gospel Lesson, Luke The parable that we read this morning from St. Luke 18, beginning at verse 9, is striking in its message, and sobering in its clarity—and worthy of our close attention. The passage says that Jesus spoke this parable to certain which trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others. In fact, they do go together.
11th Sunday after Trinity
In our Gospel, Jesus again contrasts the gift of his flesh with the manna which fed Moses and the Israelites in the wilderness. Our Old Testament reading describes another desert feeding, as God sustains his prophet Elijah in a time of desolation. He now finds himself excluded and isolated. In another story, Moses wished for his own death in the wilderness, when he was overcome with the burden of his commission.
These involved cantata settings of Psalm , de profundis early Cantata and Psalm 51, Miserere mei late Cantata Motet , with designated cycle cantatas , , and in between. The reason for so many works was probably that the penitential emphasis this Sunday involved a major doctrine and practice of Martin Luther and succeeding Lutheran leaders, including chorale composers and adapters of music important to this Sunday. In all, seven cantatas Bach presented are appropriate for the11th Snday after Trinity. Cantata is an early c. Bach's church music for the 11th Sunday after Trinity is grounded in traditional Lutheran teaching and music, with the dominant theme of repentance as part of the Lutheran concept of the "New Life of Righteousness. The texts and chorales relate to the Sunday Gospel, Luke , the "Parable of the Pharisee and the Publican," found only in the third Gospel. They show the contrast between the Old Testament law observance of the proud, priestly Pharisee and the Gospel of the humble Publican, a Roman contractor and servant, with his plea of mercy as a sinner as his justification. The parable of the two contrasting men also represents the Middle Trinity Time Gospel pairing of Jesus' parables and miracles, in this case with the Gospel for the subsequent 12th Sunday after Trinity: Mark 7: , "Miracle of the Deaf Man," the first of Jesus' healing miracles at the beginning of his public ministry. Thus the theme of repentance is couple with healing through reconciliation, restoration, and renewal.
O God, who declarest thy almighty power most chiefly in shewing mercy and pity: Mercifully grant unto us such a measure of thy grace, that we, running the way of thy commandments, may obtain thy gracious promises, and be made partakers of thy heavenly treasure; through Jesus Christ our Lord. This doctrine is the amazing teaching that God the Father manifests and reveals his omnipotence primarily when he makes known and shows his mercy and pity to undeserving sinners. And to state this is to speak of the great Event of propitiation and expiation at the Cross of Calvary where the Incarnate Son of God shed his blood as a sacrifice for sin, in order to reconcile us to God, his Father. Here the almighty power and generosity of God, that created the universe and keeps it in motion, dealt with the enormity of human sin and cosmic evil and by overcoming them brought in for the world salvation, redemption, reconciliation, pardon, justification and sanctification.